Luna Series

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Christopher K.
Posts: 4397
Joined: October 12th, 2009, 3:28 pm
Location: Baton Rouge, LA

Luna Series

Post by Christopher K. » September 8th, 2012, 9:17 pm

The Luna/Lunik series of spacecraft were designed by the Soviet Union for Moon studies. One of the most memorable was Luna 10, which became the first human-made object to orbit the Moon. Luna 10 made the cut as one of the top fifty greatest moments of Solar System exploration, voted on by visitors to NASA's Solar System Exploration section.

More information:
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/pr ... de=Luna_10

Christopher K.
Posts: 4397
Joined: October 12th, 2009, 3:28 pm
Location: Baton Rouge, LA

Re: Luna Series

Post by Christopher K. » September 10th, 2012, 9:55 pm

The Soviet Union finally got what it was after when Lunar 16 touched down on the Moon in the Sea of Fertility in 1970. 100 kilometers east of the landing site is Webb Crater, which was named for the nineteenth-century author of Celestial Objects for Common Telescopes. Hundreds of kilometers west of the landing site is Messier and Messier A. Also, Luna 16 set down right on the edge of the ridge system Dorsa Andrusov.

Luna 16 performed the very first automatic recovery of soil samples from the lunar surface. The material collected was similar to that collected by Apollo 12. Luna 16 made the list of the top fifty greatest instances of Solar System exploration, voted on by visitors to NASA's Solar System Exploration section.

More information:
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/multimedia/ ... IM_ID=3323

50th Anniversary of Solar System Exploration:
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/50th/

Christopher K.
Posts: 4397
Joined: October 12th, 2009, 3:28 pm
Location: Baton Rouge, LA

Re: Luna Series

Post by Christopher K. » September 13th, 2012, 8:03 am

In November 1970 Luna 17 actually brought to the Moon the first successful rover. The craft landed in Mare Imbrium, about 80 kilometers or so southwest of Promontorium Heraclides and about 125 kilometers northeast of the mountains Gruithuisen Delta and Gruithuisen Gamma. Then down a ramp descended Lunokhod 1, an eight-wheeled rover guided by a team of Earthbound drivers. It ran for eleven days though its predicted lifespan was three days. It sent over 20,000 images and over 200 panoramas back to Earth. Lunokhod 1 made the list of the top fifty greatest instances of Solar System exploration, voted on by visitors to NASA's Solar System Exploration section.

More information:
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/pr ... y=ReadMore

Christopher K.
Posts: 4397
Joined: October 12th, 2009, 3:28 pm
Location: Baton Rouge, LA

Re: Luna Series

Post by Christopher K. » January 2nd, 2016, 4:32 pm

Luna 1, the first spacecraft to leave Earth's gravity, did so on this day in 1959. Its alternate names were "Lunik 1" and "Mechta". It had a mass of 361 kilograms and the day after launch (at an altitude of over 100,000 kilometers) a cloud of sodium gas was purposefully released from the spacecraft. The resulting orange trail glowed at sixth magnitude and helped scientists track the craft!

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